Understanding Dyslexia And First Exercise To Help Your Kid!
28 Feb 2017
WHAT IS DYSLEXIA?
Dyslexia is a learning disability predominantly in the sphere of reading and writing. One of the most popular Hindi movies which played a crucial role in spreading awareness about this learning disability was “Taare Zameen Pe” starring Aamir Khan and Darsheel Safari. They have very beautifully portrayed the life and plight of a child who has dyslexia. How he is misunderstood, not accepted, labelled as rowdy and indisciplined and ridiculed by all; parents, teachers and classmates. In the end, when he finds a teacher who can understand him and show him the correct path he turns out to be a changed boy with more creativity, humility, qualities and strengths which were overshadowed by his mere ability to not comprehend written material as fast as his classmates and solve the questions as accurately as others.
We need to understand and realise that Dyslexia is not a psychological disorder but a Learning Diability. Such children do not have a low IQ, they are not mentally challenged and they are nothing different from any other child. They are at par with every other child but are differently abled. They need a few remedial classes in order to be able to grasp concepts and improve reading as fast as other children in his/ her classroom
There are many known famous personalities who have been diagnosed with dyslexia like Abhishek Bachhan, Albert Einstein, Tom Cruise, Steven Spielberg and the list is never ending. All these people have been very successful and popular in their respective fields. Be it related to science and academics, acting career, a novelist, etc.
Children with Dyslexia make errors and mistakes in comprehending and writing the words. Fortunately, these errors can be reduced tremendously with little effort and time from parents and the child. Here is the FIRST STEP that can be taken to help your child cope with the issues and which will not only make him better at academics but also will be a huge leap towards building is damaged self-esteem and positive growth of your child. This will ensure that the child, even though perceived negatively by majority, is not hurt or damaged from within and does not lose the motivation of improving and working towards his own personal betterment.
1. WORKING ON PHONETICS:
A child’s ability to read and comprehend words depends, on a large extent, on how easily and effectively he/she can decode unfamiliar, novel and difficult words. There is a chart attached at the end which shows exactly what sounds go with which letter combinations. This is extremely beneficial in enhancing the reading of a child and making meaning of the words written on the paper. Phonics and sounds of each letter, alphabet and combination of different alphabets is an intrinsic intervention for beating dyslexia in its own game.
HOW WILL IT HELP
The first and foremost thing that we need to work on is the basic knowledge and grasping of hoe each word sounds and how each alphabet is pronounced. Since, it is a reading and writing disability, understanding sounds and connecting sounds with words is of utmost importance. Till the time the child is not able to make meaning of the concept of how ‘P’ sounds or how ‘Ps’ forms and ‘s’ sound, the child will keep making mistakes in reading.
Hence, working on phonetics, sounds, pronunciation is the most important step that one needs to take in order to help the child to be able to grasp concepts and comprehend the written material with easy and efficiency.
FOR HOW LONG DO YOU NEED TO DO THIS:
Learning is an ongoing process. There is no hard and fast rule to practice this or do this only for a week. The only thing that one needs to keep in mind is to not force feed all t he information into your child at once. Give him enough space and time to digest the information at his own pace and speed to see the best results.
Let the child enjoy the learning and praise him for his accomplishments and efforts. This can be continued till the child is able to identify sounds, phonetics and shape of the letters. It can range from 1 hour per day for a month to 1 hour on alternate days for three to four months. It is completely subjective in nature.
WHAT IS PHONETICS CHART?
There are 26 letters in the alphabet. Though, English language is made up of 44 sounds. When we break a word into its smallest parts w.r.t sounds, these then are its phonetic. For example the word ‘blue’ can be broken down into three sounds i.e. ‘b-l-oo’ (see image)
Another example can be, for the word CABINET.
It can be broken down into ca-bi-ne-t.
This will help your child understand the pronunciation, sound, audio quality and visual cues for all the alphabets. This eventually will ensure that the child is able to read all the words at least by breaking them and once he has learnt it, there will be fluency in his reading.
At the end of this, a chart is attached for you to be able to work with your child. This is just an example, you can edit the chart and add age appropriate words for your child.
HOW TO USE IT:
Each line of the chart shows you the different ways to write a single sound. The most common way of writing each sound is on the far left of the line. They become less common as you move right. This will help your child get an idea of almost all the combinations that are there and when the sounds will change in bigger and more complex words. Move from easy to difficult.
The phonic chart gives you the foundations to spell sound by sound. You will realize that the language is simply sounds represented by letters or combinations of letters.
Treat it like you are learning the basics again, going right back to the start. This will ensure quicker learning and understanding of the things.
(IF YOU NEED HELP FROM A PSYCHOLOGIST AND WORK OUT A STEP BY STEP LEARNING PROGRAM CUSTOMISED FOR YOUR CHILD THEN JUST TYPE YOUR MESSAGE IN THE GREEN CHAT BUTTON AND CONNECT NOW TO AN EPSYCLINIC PSYCHOLOGIST)
Tags: #Dyslexia #Help #Week1 #Exercise