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HIV Testing Awareness & Counseling

29 Jun 2015

 

 

What is HIV /AIDS

As both the terms refer to the same disease.  It can get confusing. However, “ HIV” refers to the virus itself, and AIDS refers to the late stage of HIV infection. A person suffering from HIV has low immunity and had severely damaged system. Before the development of certain medications, people with HIV could progress to AIDS in just a few years. But today, most people who are HIV-positive do not progress to AIDS. That’s because if you have HIV you take antiretroviral therapy (ART) consistently, you can keep the level of HIV in your body low. This basically helps in keeping the body strong and healthy and also helps in reducing the likelihood to progress to AIDS. It will also help lower your risk of transmitting HIV to others.

HENCE how is HIV Spread?

 

1.       Having sex with someone who has HIV.

a)       Anal sex/ Vaginal sex

b)       Having multiple sex partners or having sexually transmitted infections can increase the risk of HIV infection through sex.

 

2.   Sharing needles, syringes, rinse water, or other equipment that may have come in contact with body fluids of the infected person.

 

 

3.       Less commonly, HIV may be spread by:

a)       Being born to an infected mother.

b)       It may go mother to child during pregnancy, birth, or breastfeeding.

c)       High risk people are mainly the health care workers as they are being stuck with an HIV-contaminated needle or other sharp object.

d)       Receiving blood transfusions, blood products, or organ/tissue transplants that are contaminated with HIV.

e)       Eating food that has been pre-chewed by an HIV-infected person. The contamination occurs when infected blood from a caregiver’s mouth mixes with food while chewing, and is very rare.

f)        Being bitten by a person with HIV.

g)       Oral sex—using the mouth to stimulate the penis, vagina, or anus

h)       Contact between broken skin, wounds, These reports have also been extremely rare.

i)         Deep, open-mouth kissing if the person with HIV has sores or bleeding gums and blood is exchanged.

j)        HIV is not spread through saliva. Transmission through kissing alone is extremely rare.

 

2.       HIV is NOT spread by:

a)       Casual contact, like shaking hands, hugging or sharing dishes/drinking glasses

b)       Drinking fountains

c)       Toilet seats

d)       Air or water

e)       Insects, including mosquitoes or ticks

f)        Saliva, tears, or sweat

 

How to get yourself tested ?

Getting own self tested is very essential as testing is relatively simple process.

Ø  You can get an HIV test from your doctor or healthcare provider,

Ø  Community health centre,

Ø  Family planning clinic, and other locations

Ø  There also are FDA-approved HIV home test kits you can use.

 

Prevention is Care

 Understanding and treating the infection

 Getting clarity over our thought process and clearing our myths

 Reducing the risk factor like sex without condoms

Prevent exchange of bodily fluids during sex
Learn how to use a condom effectively.

Learn about HIV prevention myths

 Understand which sexual practices reduce, but do not eliminate, the chance of infection

Discuss sexual and drug-related risk behaviours,

 Diagnose and treat other STDs,

Counselling benefits

Do login our website www.ePsyClinic.com and read up articles and posts on HIV /AIDS.

It is recommended that you check to see our therapist experienced in this area.

HIV/AIDS can affect not only the sufferer, but also partners and family. In these cases you may wish to seek couples and/or family counselling for additional support. Some people also find it beneficial to join a support group with others living with HIV/AIDS.

 

References:-

http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/17131.php

https://www.aids.gov/hiv-aids-basics/

http://www.plannedparenthood.org/learn/stds-hiv-safer-sex/hiv-aids

 


Tags: #HIV #lookingahead #all about hiv