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BREAKTHROUGH: Why dealing with child abuse is the need of the hour?

07 Apr 2015

In a study done by McCrory et.al, 2012 published by Royal society of Medicine, results suggest that abuse during childhood abuse is strongly associated with developing psychopathology later that is developing some sort of psychological disorder such as

  • Conduct disorder (A child with this disorder may display a pattern of disruptive and violent behavior and have problems following rules),
  • Antisocial personality disorder(a long-standing pattern of a disregard for other people’s rights, often crossing the line and violating those rights),
  • Anxiety and depression as well as a
  • Heightened risk of health and social problems.

Research suggests a complex interaction likely to be present between environmental experiences (such as abuse) and individual differences in risk versus protective genes, which influences the neurobiological circuitry underpinning psychological and emotional development.

Neuroendocrine or neural-hormone studies indicate an association between early adversity and atypical development of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis stress response, which may predispose to psychiatric vulnerability in adulthood.

Brain imaging research in children and adults is providing evidence of early adversity leading to several structural and functional brain differences. Structural differences have been reported in different parts of brain such as the corpus callosum, cerebellum and prefrontal cortex. This means child abuse may lead to changing the structure of the brain.

Functional differences have been reported too implicated in emotional and behavioural regulation, through some structures of the brain such as the amygdala and anterior cingulate cortex and these structures are responsible for controlling emotions. These differences at the neurobiological level may represent adaptations to early experiences of heightened stress that lead to an increased risk of psychopathology. 

Therefore, child abuse is not a matter of an event that happened in childhood and it simply goes away. It may follow into adulthood and leave its traces everywhere.  It can affect a person life adversely and affect to disability. So, help yourself and help anybody who may have had experienced child abuse. Speak up before it is too late.

 


Tags: #brain #cortex #child #protection #sexual #abuse